Sikhism, The Great Religion of world: Sikkhi, is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji and nine successive gurus (Shri Guru Angad Dev Ji, Shri Guru Amar Das, Shri Guru Ram Das, Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, Shri Guru Har Gobind, Shri Guru Har Rai, Har Krishan, Shri Guru Teg Bahadur, Shri Guru Gobind Singh).
The word 'Sikh' in the Punjabi language means 'disciple', Sikhs are the disciples of God who follow the writings and teachings of the Ten Sikh Gurus. The wisdom of these teachings in Sri Guru Granth Sahib are practical and universal in their appeal to all mankind.
This system of religious philosophy and expression has been traditionally known as the Gurmat (literally the counsel of the gurus) or the Sikh Dharma. Sikhism comes from the word Sikh, which in turn comes from the Sanskrit root siksa meaning "instruction.Sikhism is the fifth-largest religion in the world, and is generally considered the fifth largest organized religion, depending on how one defines an "organized religion".
The principal belief in Sikhism is faith in Vaheguru-represented using the sacred symbol of Ek Onkar. Sikhism advocates the pursuit of salvation through disciplined, personal meditation on the name and message of God. The followers of Sikhism are ordained to follow the teachings of the ten Sikh Gurus, or enlightened leaders, as well as the holy scripture the Shri Guru Granth Sahib which includes the selected works of many authors from diverse socioeconomic and religious backgrounds.
The text was decreed by Shri Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru, as the final guru of the Khalsa Panth. Sikhism's traditions and teachings are distinctly associated with the history, society and culture of the Punjab. Adherents of Sikhism are known as Sikhs and number over 23 million across the world. However, most Sikhs live in the state of Punjab in India.